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About the gemstones

Liri’s collections magnify the beauty of the world’s rich diversity of gemstones. Whether dainty and twinkling or bolder and striking, each piece is designed to ensure gemstones are the focal point.


The name Amazonite is taken from that of the Amazon River, from which certain green stones were formerly obtained; it is also known as the Amazon Stone. it is a light green to light bluish-green colour gemstone that can closely resemble nephrite and jadeite. Its appearance is very distinctive with its grid-like, mottled, green and white pattern.

It was named after South America’s Amazon River, however it cannot be found in the river itself, rather only in other areas of Brazil.

Amazonite is variety of green microcline feldspar. The feldspars are a fairly homogenous group of rock-forming tectosilicates that make up nearly 60% of the Earth’s crust. Followed by the quartz group, feldspars are the most common mineral in the entire world.

Amazonite is said to bring truth, harmony and peace.


Amethyst is the birthstone for February

Amethyst is one of the most precious and valuable stones belonging to the quartz group of minerals. It belongs to the macrocrystalline branch of quartz and owes its violet/purple colour to iron and aluminum impurities. Without such colouring agents, Amethyst would simply be a transparent, colourless quartz.

Amethyst is said to aid in the reduction of insomnia, arthritis, pain relief, and circulatory issues. It is considered the gemstone of meditation, peace, balance, courage, and inner strength.


Apatite is not commonly used as a gemstone. Major sources for gem Apatite are Brazil, Burma, and Mexico. Other sources include Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, and the United States.

The mineral was named by the German geologist Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1786. Apatite is a mineral that is often mistaken for other minerals. This tendency is reflected in the mineral’s name, which is derived from the Greek word απατείν (apatein), which means to deceive or to be misleading.

Apatite is said to aid intuition, wisdom and communication.


Aventurine is a gemstone variety of quartz characterised by its translucency and sparkly metallic inclusions. The metallic inclusions give Aventurine quartz a unique sparkling iridescent effect, known as ‘aventurescence’. Aventurine typically ranges from light to dark-green in colour caused by trace elements of fuchsite in otherwise colourless quartz.

Aventurine is said to aid vitality, confidence and optimism.


Chalcedony is a gemstone belonging to the quartz group of minerals. It is distinguished by translucency and its solid, lighter colour, typically ranging from bluish to white or grey.

The actual name Chalcedony originated from the Latin word ‘Chalcedonius’, which is thought to be derived from Chalcedon, an ancient seaport of Asia Minor, now Kadikoy, Turkey. Chalcedony is known to take an excellent polish, where after a prolonged polish, some varieties can exhibit a glow.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis lazuli has been used as a gemstone for thousands of years. It has been mined from Afghanistan since the early 7th millennium BC, and it was discovered in ancient burial sites throughout the Caucasus, the Mehrgarh and even as far as the Republic of Mauritania. The funeral mask for the ancient Egyptian pharaoh ‘King Tut’ was discovered to have been decorated with Lapis lazuli.

This historical stone has a name closely associated with its intense colour. Its name was derived from the Latin word ‘lapis’ meaning ‘stone’, and from the Arabic and Persian word ‘lazaward’. Lazaward was the Persian name for lapis stone, as well as the name of its mining location. Lapis lazuli is still considered to be one of the most important opaque blue gemstones available.

It is primarily composed of Lazurite, while the remaining composition is made up of Sodalite, Calcite, Pyrite and other various minor constituents. The varying composition is what influences its exact colouring.

Lapis is said to aid in the alleviation of insomnia and depression, Lapis is also known for creating openness, truthfulness, and creativity.


Peridot is the birthstone for August

Peridot is a gem-quality variety of the mineral olivine. It belongs to the forsterite-fayalite mineral series. Peridot is an idiochromatic gem, meaning its colour comes from the basic chemical composition of the mineral itself and not from minor traces of impurities. Thus, Peridot is found only in green and is one of the few gemstones available that can be found only in one colour, although the shades of green may vary from light yellowish to dark brownish-green.

The name Peridot was derived from the Arabic word for gem – ‘faridat’. It is one of the oldest known gemstones, with records dating back as early as 1500 B.C. Historically, the volcanic island of Zabargad (St. John) in the Red Sea, east of Egypt, had the most important deposit that was exploited for over 3500 years. Today, the finest quality Peridot comes from Mogok in Burma, although Pakistani Peridot is now highly regarded as well. There are other very important deposits found in Arizona, China and Vietnam. Peridot has also been discovered in fallen meteors and it has also been discovered on Mars and the moon in olivine form

Peridot is said to heal stress in relationships, lessening anger and jealousy, and slowing aging. It promotes abundance and prosperity.


Prehnite is a translucent to transparent gem-quality hydrated calcium aluminum silicate. It was the first mineral to be named after an individual, and it was also the first mineral to be described from South Africa, long before South Africa became one of the most important sources for precious and semi-precious gems. It was first described in 1788 after it was discovered in the Karoo dolerites of Cradock, South Africa. Prehnite was later named after its discoverer, Colonel Hendrik von Prehn (1733-1785), a Dutch mineralogist and an early governor of the Cape of Good Hope colony.

Until recently, Prehnite was a rare collector’s gemstone, but new deposits have made it more readily available. Its colour is usually a soft apple-green, which is quite unique to Prehnite, but it can also occur in rarer colours including yellow, orange and blue.

Rhodolite Garnet

Garnet is the birthstone for January

Rhodolite garnet is a raspberry-red, purplish-red coloured garnet. It is a mix of pyrope and almandine in composition. Rhodolite garnet gets its name from the Greek word, “rhodon”, meaning “rose coloured”, which refers to its pinkish hue.


The name Garnet comes from the Medieval Latin word, “granatum”, which is an adjective meaning “dark-red”. It is thought that this adjective could have been extracted from the word “pomegranate”, due to the colour of the seed coats or shape of the seeds. However, the word could also have come from another Medieval Latin word; “granum”, referring to red dye. The use of red garnet dates back thousands of years, when it was used by Egyptian pharaohs for both decorative and ceremonial purposes. The ancient Romans also wore garnet rings and traded garnet gemstones. The best rhodolite garnet gemstones are a vivid raspberry-red colour.


Garnet is said to aid the blood, heart, and lungs and is known to promote romantic love, passion, sensuality, and intimacy.


Rhodonite is well known among collectors for its beautiful pink and red colour. The red variety can be so deep red that it rivals the colour of Ruby.  Rhodonite often has black manganese oxide veins running through a specimen, giving it the distinct appearance of pink with black crisscrossing lines and flower-like formations throughout. These are the forms most commonly used as gemstones, especially in beads and ornamental objects. Large specimens of black-streaked Rhodonite are often sliced and polished into slabs for collectors.

Rhodonite is said to aid purpose, generosity and contribution.


Tanzanite is the birthstone for December

Tanzanite is a blue to violet gemstone which is a member of the zoisite mineral group. It was discovered in 1967 in the hills of Northern Tanzania, which remains the sole source of Tanzanite to this day. According to some, the first tanzanite crystals were found by Masai tribesman, Ali Juuyawatu. Other reports state that the discoverer was Ndugu Jumanne Ngoma. Finally, a further account credits Manual de Souza with the discovery of tanzanite on July 7, 1967. Tanzanite was given its name by Tiffany & Co.

Tanzanite is pleochroic, which means that it shows different colours depending on the viewing angle. The vivid blue of tanzanite can rival fine sapphire and makes tanzanite an extremely desirable gemstone.

Tanzanite is said to integrate heart and mind – wholeness.


Topaz is the birthstone for November

Topaz is an aluminium silicate that contains fluorine and hydroxyl. In its pure form it is colourless. Impurities are what cause variations in colour.

The use of topaz goes back to Egyptian times when the ancient Egyptians believed that yellow topaz received its golden hue from the Sun God, Ra. Some believe that “topaz” is a Middle English word, which was acquired from the Old French word “Topace” and Latin “Topazus”, the root of which is in the Greek word “Topazios” or “Topazion”; the ancient name of an island in The Red Sea where the ancient Greeks mined a yellow gem that they believed to be topaz. The Christian Old Testament makes references to topaz, but this gemstone may have also been “chrysolite”, rather than topaz. The word “topaz” could also have stemmed from the Sanskrit (the ancient language of India) word, “tapas”, which means “fire”.

Topaz is regarded as one of the most powerful gemstones, Topaz facilitates the balance of emotions and provides protection from greed.


Turquoise is the birthstone for December

Turquoise is a sky-blue or green translucent to opaque basic aluminium phosphate that contains copper. It has been prized as a gemstone for millennia. The name “turquoise” comes from the French “turqueise”, meaning “Turkish stone”, because it was first transported to Europe via a Turkish nation.

Turquoise was used by the ancient Egyptians and Aztecs as a jewellery gemstone and decorative stone. The ancient Egyptians believed the colour blue was a symbol of regeneration, so Turquoise was treasured for both decorative and superstitious purposes. The Mesoamericans created Turquoise mosaics and the Chinese carved Turquoise into ornaments. Turquoise was also used by Native Americans in works of art and jewellery, some of whom believed that it possessed protective properties. The Tibetans believe in the healing properties of Turquoise and have valued the gem in jewellery for centuries.

Turquoise is seen as a healing and balancing stone

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